en-net is the go to online forum for field practitioners requiring prompt technical advice for operational challenges for which answers are not readily accessible in current guidelines. The questions and the corresponding answers raised within en-net online forum can provide insight into what the key topics of discussion are within the nutrition sector. This package provides utility functions for the extraction, processing and analysis of text data from the online forum.
ennet package has three key sets of functions:
The first set of functions facilitates the extraction of text data from the en-net online forum.
The second set of functions supports the analysis of the extracted datasets to produce summary measures and statistics of the en-net online forum.
The third set of functions consists of data handling and processing tools for use in the en-net database called
You can install the released version of rennet from CRAN with:
You can install the development version from GitHub with:
ennet package provides a set of functions that extracts information from the en-net online forum. This set of functions was built on top of the
rvest package which provides robust and performant web scraping functions and the
dplyr package which provides a full suite of data manipulation functions. The
ennet package was designed to be able to interact with how the en-net online forum has been structured.
The en-net online forum website has a very clear and clean structure. The opening page is a list of thematic areas which are linked to each of their respective webpages. In each of these thematic area webpages is another list, this time a list of topics raised within the thematic area. These topics are the text that an online user provides as the title for the question she/he is going to ask. Each of the topics are then again linked to their respective webpages that show the actual full question raised and the ensuing responses and discussion stemming from that question.
Based on this structure, the following functions are available from the
ennet package for extracting text data:
get_themes - function to get a list of thematic areas in the forum;
get_themes_topics - functions to get list of topics for a specific thematic area or thematic areas; and,
get_topics_discussions - functions to get list of discussions for a specific topic or topics,
The general data extraction workflow codified by the
ennet package is as follows:
## Step 1: Get the en-net forum themes themes <- get_themes() ## Step 2: Get the en-net topics from each theme topics <- get_themes_topics(themes) ## Step 3: Get the en-net discussions per topic per theme discussions <- get_topics_discussions(topics) ## Show discussions data discussions
ennet package functions have been designed to allow for pipe operations to be performed. The data extraction workflow can be implemented using piped operations as follows:
get_themes() %>% ## Step 1: Get en-net forum themes get_themes_topics() %>% ## Step 2: Get en-net topics from each theme get_topics_discussions() ## Step 3: Get en-net discussions per topic ## per theme
For a more detailed discussion of the data extraction workflow via the
ennet package, read Utilities to Extract Text Data from en-net.
ennet package also includes analytic functions that summarises the text data available from the en-net online forum. Currently, there are four sets of analytic functions available from
count_topics_time functions - set of functions to count the number of topics or questions by day, week, month or year;
count_topics_theme functions - set of functions to count the number of topics or questions by theme;
count_topics_author functions - set of functions to count the number of topics or questions by author; and,
arrange functions - set of functions to arrange topics by number of views or by number of replies.
For a more detailed discussion of the analytics functions available from the
ennet package, read Summarising en-net online forum statistics.
ennet package includes database functions designed for use with the en-net database called
ennet_db. These database functions support the retrieval, handling and processing of datasets from the en-net online forum archived in the
In addition to these two sets of key functions,
ennet package also includes a function -
update_topics - that extracts the en-net online forum dataset and updates it at a given time interval. This is a convenience wrapper function to
get_themes_topics that is potentially useful for those who wants to build dashboards or applications that uses data from the en-net online forum.
The en-net online forum is a rich resource for understanding the community of users that participate in it. And given how an online forum is designed, that resource can be tapped relatively easily given that the documentation of the interaction and discussion between its users happens in real-time. The
ennet package facilitates the access to that information through the statistical analysis tool R with which further levels of analysis can be applied to generate meaningful and valuable understanding of this specific community and to some extent the greater nutrition sector at large.
Following are a few practical and meaningful applications of the information generated by the en-net online forum.
The data from the en-net online forum can be used to assess effectiveness of the forum. Effectiveness can be defined as whether the forum has been able to achieve its stated aims/objectives when it was started. Effectiveness can also be expressed in terms of indicators or metrics that reflect overarching principles, ideals or values that those who started the forum adhere to or that the community of users and the wider sector or society believe in. These may include values of inclusion, participation, scientific rigour among others. Given that the forum has been in existence for many years now, information is available over the same period allowing for assessing temporal variation in effectiveness (as defined). This application is a more normative approach and will involve creating or developing metrics or taking relevant metrics from other sectors and applying those to this case.
Given the nature of the en-net online forum as a quick point of recourse for field practitioners to seek answers to practical questions and challenges faced, it can be expected that the data from the forum contains information on what these topics are. These information can then be used to identify most common or most important information, knowledge and skills that have been asked about. By identifying these gaps in information, knowledge and/or skills and by understanding the evolution of these needs over time, we can potentially predict training needs in the near term and over time. This application is a more formative approach in that we let the data tell us what information it holds.
ennet package is an independent development and is separate from and not recognised and approved by the Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN), the organisation that runs and moderates the en-net online forum. The author and maintainer of this package is not affiliated with ENN but is committed to ensuring that the
Any mistakes, problems and issues with the functionality and outputs of the
ennet package are that of the author and maintainer of the package and not of Emergency Nutrition Network (ENN). Hence any problems and issues to the usage, functionality and outputs of the
ennet package should be addressed directly to the author and maintainer here.
Please note that the
ennet project is released with a Contributor Code of Conduct. By contributing to this project, you agree to abide by its terms.